Airway remodeling and hyperreactivity in a model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and their modulation by IL-1Ra

Simon G. Royce, Marcel F. Nold, Christine Bao-Quynh Bui, Chantal Donovan, Maggie Lam, Emma Lamanna, Ina Rudloff, Jane E. Bourke, Claudia A. Nold-Petry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic disease of extreme prematurity that has serious long-term consequences including increased asthma risk. We earlier identified IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) as a potent inhibitor of murine BPD induced by combining perinatal inflammation (intra-peritoneal lipopolysaccharide to pregnant dams) and exposure of pups to hyperoxia (FiO2 0.65). In this study we determined whether airway remodeling and hyperresponsiveness similar to asthma are evident in this model, and whether IL-1Ra is protective. During 28d exposure to air or hyperoxia, pups received vehicle or 10mg/kg IL-1Ra by daily subcutaneous injection. Lungs were then prepared for histology and morphometry of alveoli and airways, or for real time PCR, or inflated with agarose to prepare precision cut lung slices to visualize ex vivo intrapulmonary airway contraction and relaxation by phase-contrast microscopy. In pups reared under normoxic conditions, IL-1Ra treatment did not affect alveolar or airway structure or airway responses. Pups reared in hyperoxia developed a severe BPD-like lung disease, with fewer, larger alveoli, increased subepithelial collagen, and increased expression of α-smooth muscle actin and cyclin D1. Following hyperoxia, methacholine elicited contraction with similar potency but with an increased maximum reduction in lumen area (Air 44%; Hyperoxia 89%), while dilator responses to salbutamol were maintained. IL-1Ra treatment prevented hyperoxia-induced alveolar disruption and airway fibrosis, but surprisingly not the increase in methacholine-induced airway contraction. The current study is the first to demonstrate ex vivo airway hyperreactivity caused by systemic maternal inflammation and postnatal hyperoxia and reveals further preclinical mechanistic insights into IL-1Ra as a treatment targeting key pathophysiological features of BPD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-868
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Cite this

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title = "Airway remodeling and hyperreactivity in a model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and their modulation by IL-1Ra",
abstract = "Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic disease of extreme prematurity that has serious long-term consequences including increased asthma risk. We earlier identified IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) as a potent inhibitor of murine BPD induced by combining perinatal inflammation (intra-peritoneal lipopolysaccharide to pregnant dams) and exposure of pups to hyperoxia (FiO2 0.65). In this study we determined whether airway remodeling and hyperresponsiveness similar to asthma are evident in this model, and whether IL-1Ra is protective. During 28d exposure to air or hyperoxia, pups received vehicle or 10mg/kg IL-1Ra by daily subcutaneous injection. Lungs were then prepared for histology and morphometry of alveoli and airways, or for real time PCR, or inflated with agarose to prepare precision cut lung slices to visualize ex vivo intrapulmonary airway contraction and relaxation by phase-contrast microscopy. In pups reared under normoxic conditions, IL-1Ra treatment did not affect alveolar or airway structure or airway responses. Pups reared in hyperoxia developed a severe BPD-like lung disease, with fewer, larger alveoli, increased subepithelial collagen, and increased expression of α-smooth muscle actin and cyclin D1. Following hyperoxia, methacholine elicited contraction with similar potency but with an increased maximum reduction in lumen area (Air 44{\%}; Hyperoxia 89{\%}), while dilator responses to salbutamol were maintained. IL-1Ra treatment prevented hyperoxia-induced alveolar disruption and airway fibrosis, but surprisingly not the increase in methacholine-induced airway contraction. The current study is the first to demonstrate ex vivo airway hyperreactivity caused by systemic maternal inflammation and postnatal hyperoxia and reveals further preclinical mechanistic insights into IL-1Ra as a treatment targeting key pathophysiological features of BPD.",
author = "Royce, {Simon G.} and Nold, {Marcel F.} and Bui, {Christine Bao-Quynh} and Chantal Donovan and Maggie Lam and Emma Lamanna and Ina Rudloff and Bourke, {Jane E.} and Nold-Petry, {Claudia A.}",
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Airway remodeling and hyperreactivity in a model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and their modulation by IL-1Ra. / Royce, Simon G.; Nold, Marcel F.; Bui, Christine Bao-Quynh; Donovan, Chantal; Lam, Maggie; Lamanna, Emma; Rudloff, Ina; Bourke, Jane E.; Nold-Petry, Claudia A.

In: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, Vol. 55, No. 6, 01.12.2016, p. 858-868.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Airway remodeling and hyperreactivity in a model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and their modulation by IL-1Ra

AU - Royce, Simon G.

AU - Nold, Marcel F.

AU - Bui, Christine Bao-Quynh

AU - Donovan, Chantal

AU - Lam, Maggie

AU - Lamanna, Emma

AU - Rudloff, Ina

AU - Bourke, Jane E.

AU - Nold-Petry, Claudia A.

PY - 2016/12/1

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N2 - Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic disease of extreme prematurity that has serious long-term consequences including increased asthma risk. We earlier identified IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) as a potent inhibitor of murine BPD induced by combining perinatal inflammation (intra-peritoneal lipopolysaccharide to pregnant dams) and exposure of pups to hyperoxia (FiO2 0.65). In this study we determined whether airway remodeling and hyperresponsiveness similar to asthma are evident in this model, and whether IL-1Ra is protective. During 28d exposure to air or hyperoxia, pups received vehicle or 10mg/kg IL-1Ra by daily subcutaneous injection. Lungs were then prepared for histology and morphometry of alveoli and airways, or for real time PCR, or inflated with agarose to prepare precision cut lung slices to visualize ex vivo intrapulmonary airway contraction and relaxation by phase-contrast microscopy. In pups reared under normoxic conditions, IL-1Ra treatment did not affect alveolar or airway structure or airway responses. Pups reared in hyperoxia developed a severe BPD-like lung disease, with fewer, larger alveoli, increased subepithelial collagen, and increased expression of α-smooth muscle actin and cyclin D1. Following hyperoxia, methacholine elicited contraction with similar potency but with an increased maximum reduction in lumen area (Air 44%; Hyperoxia 89%), while dilator responses to salbutamol were maintained. IL-1Ra treatment prevented hyperoxia-induced alveolar disruption and airway fibrosis, but surprisingly not the increase in methacholine-induced airway contraction. The current study is the first to demonstrate ex vivo airway hyperreactivity caused by systemic maternal inflammation and postnatal hyperoxia and reveals further preclinical mechanistic insights into IL-1Ra as a treatment targeting key pathophysiological features of BPD.

AB - Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic disease of extreme prematurity that has serious long-term consequences including increased asthma risk. We earlier identified IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) as a potent inhibitor of murine BPD induced by combining perinatal inflammation (intra-peritoneal lipopolysaccharide to pregnant dams) and exposure of pups to hyperoxia (FiO2 0.65). In this study we determined whether airway remodeling and hyperresponsiveness similar to asthma are evident in this model, and whether IL-1Ra is protective. During 28d exposure to air or hyperoxia, pups received vehicle or 10mg/kg IL-1Ra by daily subcutaneous injection. Lungs were then prepared for histology and morphometry of alveoli and airways, or for real time PCR, or inflated with agarose to prepare precision cut lung slices to visualize ex vivo intrapulmonary airway contraction and relaxation by phase-contrast microscopy. In pups reared under normoxic conditions, IL-1Ra treatment did not affect alveolar or airway structure or airway responses. Pups reared in hyperoxia developed a severe BPD-like lung disease, with fewer, larger alveoli, increased subepithelial collagen, and increased expression of α-smooth muscle actin and cyclin D1. Following hyperoxia, methacholine elicited contraction with similar potency but with an increased maximum reduction in lumen area (Air 44%; Hyperoxia 89%), while dilator responses to salbutamol were maintained. IL-1Ra treatment prevented hyperoxia-induced alveolar disruption and airway fibrosis, but surprisingly not the increase in methacholine-induced airway contraction. The current study is the first to demonstrate ex vivo airway hyperreactivity caused by systemic maternal inflammation and postnatal hyperoxia and reveals further preclinical mechanistic insights into IL-1Ra as a treatment targeting key pathophysiological features of BPD.

UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27482635

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DO - 10.1165/rcmb.2016-0031OC

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 858

EP - 868

JO - American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology

JF - American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology

SN - 1044-1549

IS - 6

ER -