Air pollution and fasting blood glucose

A longitudinal study in China

Linping Chen, Yong Zhou, Shanshan Li, Gail Williams, Haidong Kan, Guy B. Marks, Lidia Morawska, Michael J. Abramson, Shuohua Chen, Taicheng Yao, Tianbang Qin, Shouling Wu, Yuming Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Limited studies have examined the associations between air pollutants [particles with diameters of 10μm or less (PM10), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)] and fasting blood glucose (FBG). We collected data for 27,685 participants who were followed during 2006 and 2008. Generalized Estimating Equation models were used to examine the effects of air pollutants on FBG while controlling for potential confounders. We found that increased exposure to NO2, SO2 and PM10 was significantly associated with increased FBG levels in single pollutant models (p3 increase in SO2, NO2, and PM10 was associated with 0.17mmol/L (95% CI: 0.15-0.19), 0.53mmol/L (95% CI: 0.42-0.65), and 0.11mmol/L (95% CI: 0.07-0.15) increase in FBG, respectively. In the multi-pollutant models, the effects of SO2 were enhanced, while the effects of NO2 and PM10 were alleviated. The effects of air pollutants on FBG were stronger in female, elderly, and overweight people than in male, young and underweight people. In conclusion, the findings suggest that air pollution increases the levels of FBG. Vulnerable people should pay more attention on highly polluted days to prevent air pollution-related health issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-755
Number of pages6
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume541
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Cohort study
  • Diabetes
  • Fasting Blood Glucose
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Particles
  • Sulphur dioxide

Cite this

Chen, Linping ; Zhou, Yong ; Li, Shanshan ; Williams, Gail ; Kan, Haidong ; Marks, Guy B. ; Morawska, Lidia ; Abramson, Michael J. ; Chen, Shuohua ; Yao, Taicheng ; Qin, Tianbang ; Wu, Shouling ; Guo, Yuming. / Air pollution and fasting blood glucose : A longitudinal study in China. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2016 ; Vol. 541. pp. 750-755.
@article{da9916ee466c4b8a993d253dcf3fcc6a,
title = "Air pollution and fasting blood glucose: A longitudinal study in China",
abstract = "Limited studies have examined the associations between air pollutants [particles with diameters of 10μm or less (PM10), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)] and fasting blood glucose (FBG). We collected data for 27,685 participants who were followed during 2006 and 2008. Generalized Estimating Equation models were used to examine the effects of air pollutants on FBG while controlling for potential confounders. We found that increased exposure to NO2, SO2 and PM10 was significantly associated with increased FBG levels in single pollutant models (p3 increase in SO2, NO2, and PM10 was associated with 0.17mmol/L (95{\%} CI: 0.15-0.19), 0.53mmol/L (95{\%} CI: 0.42-0.65), and 0.11mmol/L (95{\%} CI: 0.07-0.15) increase in FBG, respectively. In the multi-pollutant models, the effects of SO2 were enhanced, while the effects of NO2 and PM10 were alleviated. The effects of air pollutants on FBG were stronger in female, elderly, and overweight people than in male, young and underweight people. In conclusion, the findings suggest that air pollution increases the levels of FBG. Vulnerable people should pay more attention on highly polluted days to prevent air pollution-related health issues.",
keywords = "Air pollution, Cohort study, Diabetes, Fasting Blood Glucose, Nitrogen dioxide, Particles, Sulphur dioxide",
author = "Linping Chen and Yong Zhou and Shanshan Li and Gail Williams and Haidong Kan and Marks, {Guy B.} and Lidia Morawska and Abramson, {Michael J.} and Shuohua Chen and Taicheng Yao and Tianbang Qin and Shouling Wu and Yuming Guo",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.132",
language = "English",
volume = "541",
pages = "750--755",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Chen, L, Zhou, Y, Li, S, Williams, G, Kan, H, Marks, GB, Morawska, L, Abramson, MJ, Chen, S, Yao, T, Qin, T, Wu, S & Guo, Y 2016, 'Air pollution and fasting blood glucose: A longitudinal study in China', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 541, pp. 750-755. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.132

Air pollution and fasting blood glucose : A longitudinal study in China. / Chen, Linping; Zhou, Yong; Li, Shanshan; Williams, Gail; Kan, Haidong; Marks, Guy B.; Morawska, Lidia; Abramson, Michael J.; Chen, Shuohua; Yao, Taicheng; Qin, Tianbang; Wu, Shouling; Guo, Yuming.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 541, 15.01.2016, p. 750-755.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Air pollution and fasting blood glucose

T2 - A longitudinal study in China

AU - Chen, Linping

AU - Zhou, Yong

AU - Li, Shanshan

AU - Williams, Gail

AU - Kan, Haidong

AU - Marks, Guy B.

AU - Morawska, Lidia

AU - Abramson, Michael J.

AU - Chen, Shuohua

AU - Yao, Taicheng

AU - Qin, Tianbang

AU - Wu, Shouling

AU - Guo, Yuming

PY - 2016/1/15

Y1 - 2016/1/15

N2 - Limited studies have examined the associations between air pollutants [particles with diameters of 10μm or less (PM10), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)] and fasting blood glucose (FBG). We collected data for 27,685 participants who were followed during 2006 and 2008. Generalized Estimating Equation models were used to examine the effects of air pollutants on FBG while controlling for potential confounders. We found that increased exposure to NO2, SO2 and PM10 was significantly associated with increased FBG levels in single pollutant models (p3 increase in SO2, NO2, and PM10 was associated with 0.17mmol/L (95% CI: 0.15-0.19), 0.53mmol/L (95% CI: 0.42-0.65), and 0.11mmol/L (95% CI: 0.07-0.15) increase in FBG, respectively. In the multi-pollutant models, the effects of SO2 were enhanced, while the effects of NO2 and PM10 were alleviated. The effects of air pollutants on FBG were stronger in female, elderly, and overweight people than in male, young and underweight people. In conclusion, the findings suggest that air pollution increases the levels of FBG. Vulnerable people should pay more attention on highly polluted days to prevent air pollution-related health issues.

AB - Limited studies have examined the associations between air pollutants [particles with diameters of 10μm or less (PM10), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)] and fasting blood glucose (FBG). We collected data for 27,685 participants who were followed during 2006 and 2008. Generalized Estimating Equation models were used to examine the effects of air pollutants on FBG while controlling for potential confounders. We found that increased exposure to NO2, SO2 and PM10 was significantly associated with increased FBG levels in single pollutant models (p3 increase in SO2, NO2, and PM10 was associated with 0.17mmol/L (95% CI: 0.15-0.19), 0.53mmol/L (95% CI: 0.42-0.65), and 0.11mmol/L (95% CI: 0.07-0.15) increase in FBG, respectively. In the multi-pollutant models, the effects of SO2 were enhanced, while the effects of NO2 and PM10 were alleviated. The effects of air pollutants on FBG were stronger in female, elderly, and overweight people than in male, young and underweight people. In conclusion, the findings suggest that air pollution increases the levels of FBG. Vulnerable people should pay more attention on highly polluted days to prevent air pollution-related health issues.

KW - Air pollution

KW - Cohort study

KW - Diabetes

KW - Fasting Blood Glucose

KW - Nitrogen dioxide

KW - Particles

KW - Sulphur dioxide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943165876&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.132

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.132

M3 - Article

VL - 541

SP - 750

EP - 755

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -