Aiding diagnosis of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder of the inattentive presentation: Discriminant function analysis of multi-domain measures including EEG

Stuart J. Johnstone, Laura Parrish, Han Jiang, Da Wei Zhang, Virginia Williams, Sun Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: We developed a neurocognitive assessment tool (NCAT) in consultation with mental health professionals working with children with AD/HD as a diagnostic aid and screening tool. This study examines the predictive utility of NCAT in the classification of children with AD/HD Inattentive presentation. Method: Fifty three children with AD/HD Inattentive presentation and 161 typically-developing children completed an NCAT assessment. Discriminant function analyses examined group membership prediction for separate components of NCAT and for the components combined. Results: The combined model correctly classified 93.4 % of participants, with 91.4 % sensitivity and 93.9 % specificity. Contributions to classification were from SNAP-IV, psychological needs satisfaction, self-regulation, executive function performance, and EEG. The combined model resulted in a 9.3 % increase in specificity and 5.9 % increase in sensitivity compared to SNAP-IV alone. Conclusions: NCAT provides good discrimination between children with and without AD/HD of the Inattentive presentation, and further investigation including other subtypes and comorbidities is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108080
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AD/HD
  • Classification
  • EEG
  • Inattentive presentation
  • Sensitivity
  • Sleep
  • Specificity

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