Aggregation of a dibenzo[b,def]chrysene based organic photovoltaic material in solution

Alexandr Simonov, Peter Kemppinen, Ana Cristina Pozo-Gonzalo, John Frank Boas, Ante Bilic, Andrew D Scully, Adel Attia, Ayman Nafady, Elena Mashkina, Kevin Winzenberg, Scott Edward Watkins, Alan Maxwell Bond

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Detailed electrochemical studies have been undertaken on molecular aggregation of the organic semiconductor 7,14-bis((triisopropylsilyl)-ethynyl)dibenzo[b,def]chrysene (TIPS-DBC), which is used as an electron donor material in organic solar cells. Intermolecular association of neutral TIPS-DBC molecules was established by using 1H NMR spectroscopy as well as by the pronounced dependence of the color of TIPS-DBC solutions on concentration. Diffusion limited current data provided by near steady-state voltammetry also reveal aggregation. Furthermore, variation of concentration produces large changes in shapes of transient DC and Fourier transformed AC (FTAC) voltammograms for oxidation of TIPS-DBC in dichloromethane. Subtle effects of molecular aggregation on the reduction of TIPS-DBC are also revealed by the highly sensitive FTAC voltammetric method. Simulations of FTAC voltammetric data provide estimates of the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters associated with oxidation and reduction of TIPS-DBC. Significantly, aggregation of TIPS-DBC facilitates both one-electron oxidation and reduction by shifting the reversible potentials to less and more positive values, respectively. EPR spectroscopy is used to establish the identity of one-electron oxidized and reduced forms of TIPS-DBC. Implications of molecular aggregation on the HOMO energy level in solution are considered with respect to efficiency of organic photovoltaic devices utilizing TIPS-DBC as an electron donor material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6839 - 6849
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume118
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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