Agents in development for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy

Kei Fukami, Mark E. Cooper, Josephine M. Forbes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Diabetic nephropathy is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease, and accounts for significant morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes. Diabetic nephropathy seems to occur as a result of an interaction between metabolic and haemodynamic factors, which activate common pathways that lead to renal damage. In the past, the treatment of diabetic nephropathy has focused on the control of hyperglycaemia. Newer targets, some of which are linked to glucose-dependent pathways, appear to be a major focus of new treatments directed against the development and progression of renal damage as a result of diabetes. It is anticipated that additional therapeutic approaches that inhibit both metabolic and haemodynamic pathways will include strategies that target growth factors, cytokines and intracellular second messengers. Such an approach is expected to lead to improved therapies for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-294
Number of pages16
JournalExpert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Advanced glycation end products
  • AGE inhibitor
  • CTGF
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Growth factor
  • PDGF
  • RAGE
  • TGF-β
  • VEGF

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