Age-related macular degeneration and mortality: The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study

M. B. McGuinness, R. P. Finger, A. Karahalios, R. H. Guymer, D. R. English, E. W. Chong, A. M. Hodge, L. D. Robman, G. G. Giles, J. A. Simpson

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11 Citations (Scopus)


AimsTo assess associations between features of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and mortality.MethodsA total of 21 129 participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study aged 47-85 years (60% female) were assessed for AMD (2003-2007). Mortality data to December 31, 2012 were obtained through linkage with the National Death Index. Associations were assessed using Cox regression, adjusting for age, sex, smoking, region of birth, education, physical activity, diet and alcohol.ResultsLate AMD was identified in 122 (0.6%) participants, including those with choroidal neovascularisation (n=55, 0.3%), geographic atrophy (n=87, 0.4%) and reticular pseudodrusen (n=87, 0.4%). After a median follow-up period of 8.1 years, 1669 (8%) participants had died, including those from cardiovascular diseases (386), tobacco-related cancers (179), and neurodegenerative disease (157). There was evidence of an increased rate of all-cause mortality for those with choroidal neovascularisation (Hazard Ratio (HR) 1.71 95% CI 1.06-2.76) and geographic atrophy (HR 1.46 95% CI 0.99-2.16). Choroidal neovascularisation was also associated with an increased rate of cardiovascular mortality (HR 3.16 95% CI 1.62-6.15) and geographic atrophy was associated with an increased rate of death from tobacco-related cancer (HR 2.86 95% CI 1.15-7.09). Weak evidence was also present for an association between choroidal neovascularisation and death from neurodegenerative disease (HR 2.49 95% CI 0.79-7.85). Neither reticular pseudodrusen nor the earlier stages of AMD were associated with mortality.ConclusionsLate AMD is associated with an increased rate of all-cause mortality. Choroidal neovascularisation and geographic atrophy were associated with death from cardiovascular disease and tobacco-related cancer, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1345-1357
Number of pages13
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

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