Ag-Functionalized CuWO4/WO3 nanocomposites for solar water splitting

R. Salimi, A. A. Sabbagh Alvani, B. T. Mei, N. Naseri, S. F. Du, G. Mul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ag-Functionalized CuWO4/WO3 heterostructures were successfully prepared via a polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP)-assisted sol-gel (PSG) route. Thin films prepared via electrophoretic deposition were used as photoanodes for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. Compared to pristine CuWO4 and WO3 films, a significant enhancement of the photocurrent (3-4 times) at the thermodynamic potential for oxygen evolution (0.62 V vs. Ag/AgCl, pH 7) was obtained for the Ag-functionalized CuWO4/WO3 photoanodes. The obtained enhancement is shown to be derived from a synergic contribution of heterostructure formation (CuWO4/WO3) and improvements of light utilization by Ag-induced surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effects. Accordingly, a photocurrent of 0.205 mA cm-2 at 0.62 V vs. Ag/AgCl under neutral conditions (without hole scavengers) under front-side simulated AM1.5G illumination was achieved. A detailed analysis of the obtained PEC data alongside performed impedance measurements suggests that charge seperation is significantly improved for the prepared Ag-functionalized CuWO4/WO3 photoanodes. Our work offers beneficial insights to design new plasmonic metal/heterostructured nanocomposites for energy conversion applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2196-2203
Number of pages8
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

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