Affinity ranking of influenza neuraminidase mutants with monoclonal antibodies using an optocal biosensor comparison with ELISA and slot blot assays

L. C. Gruen, J. L. McKimm-Breschkin, J. B. Caldwell, E. C. Nice

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Abstract

A recently developed alternative to the more traditional techniques for studying antigen-antibody interactions has been examined. This method involves the use of an optical biosensor employing surface plasmon resonance detection. In this system one of the reactants is immobilized on the sensor surface and other reactants are passed over the sensor surface sequentially at a constant flow rate. Binding phenomena are detected in real time from changes in the angle at which surface plasmon resonance occurs. This is dependent, among other things, on changes in the refractive index (which is directly proportional to the mass) at or near to the sensor surface. Applications of this biosensor technique for comparing the binding of related neuraminidases, purified from escape mutants of influenza virus NWS/G70C/75 (N9), to two antibody Fab fragments, are described. These results were compared with those obtained from ELISA and slot blot assays on the same neuraminidases interacting with the same two monoclonal antibodies. The biosensor method was shown to be highly specific, permitting rapid screening of binding in such antigen-antibody systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Volume168
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Affinity
  • Antigen-antibody interaction
  • Biosensor
  • Fab fragment
  • Mutant
  • Neuraminidase
  • Surface plasmon resonance

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