Affective, linguistic and topic patterns in online autism communities

Thin Nguyen, Thi Duong, Dinh Phung, Svetha Venkatesh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Online communities offer a platform to support and discuss health issues. They provide a more accessible way to bring people of the same concerns or interests. This paper aims to study the characteristics of online autism communities (called Clinical) in comparison with other online communities (called Control) using data from 110 Live Journal weblog communities. Using machine learning techniques, we comprehensively analyze these online autism communities. We study three key aspects expressed in the blog posts made by members of the communities: sentiment, topics and language style. Sentiment analysis shows that the sentiment of the clinical group has lower valence, indicative of poorer moods than people in control. Topics and language styles are shown to be good predictors of autism posts. The result shows the potential of social media in medical studies for a broad range of purposes such as screening, monitoring and subsequently providing supports for online communities of individuals with special needs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWeb Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2014
Subtitle of host publication15th International Conference Thessaloniki, Greece, October 12-14, 2014 Proceedings, Part II
EditorsBoualem Benatallah, Azer Bestavros, Yannis Manolopoulos, Athena Vakali, Yanchun Zhang
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages474-488
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783319117461
ISBN (Print)9783319117454
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering 2014 - Thessaloniki , Greece
Duration: 12 Oct 201414 Oct 2014
Conference number: 15th
http://delab.csd.auth.gr/wise2014/

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer
Volume8787
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering 2014
Abbreviated titleWISE 2014
CountryGreece
CityThessaloniki
Period12/10/1414/10/14
Internet address

Keywords

  • Affective computing
  • Mental health
  • Web mining
  • Weblog

Cite this

Nguyen, T., Duong, T., Phung, D., & Venkatesh, S. (2014). Affective, linguistic and topic patterns in online autism communities. In B. Benatallah, A. Bestavros, Y. Manolopoulos, A. Vakali, & Y. Zhang (Eds.), Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2014: 15th International Conference Thessaloniki, Greece, October 12-14, 2014 Proceedings, Part II (pp. 474-488). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science ; Vol. 8787). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-11746-1_35