Affect classification using genetic-optimized ensembles of fuzzy ARTMAPs

Wei Shiung Liew, Manjeevan Seera, Chu Kiong Loo, Einly Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Training neural networks in distinguishing different emotions from physiological signals frequently involves fuzzy definitions of each affective state. In addition, manual design of classification tasks often uses sub-optimum classifier parameter settings, leading to average classification performance. In this study, an attempt to create a framework for multi-layered optimization of an ensemble of classifiers to maximize the system's ability to learn and classify affect, and to minimize human involvement in setting optimum parameters for the classification system is proposed. Using fuzzy adaptive resonance theory mapping (ARTMAP) as the classifier template, genetic algorithms (GAs) were employed to perform exhaustive search for the best combination of parameter settings for individual classifier performance. Speciation was implemented using subset selection of classification data attributes, as well as using an island model genetic algorithms method. Subsequently, the generated population of optimum classifier configurations was used as candidates to form an ensemble of classifiers. Another set of GAs were used to search for the combination of classifiers that would result in the best classification ensemble accuracy. The proposed methodology was tested using two affective data sets and was able to produce relatively small ensembles of fuzzy ARTMAPs with excellent affect recognition accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-63
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Soft Computing
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Affect recognition
  • Classifier ensemble
  • Fuzzy ARTMAP
  • Genetic algorithm
  • Parameter optimization
  • Supervised learning

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