Aerial perspective for shaded relief

Bernhard Jenny, Tom Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Aerial perspective is an essential design principle for shaded relief that emphasizes high elevation terrain using strong luminance contrast and low elevations with low contrast. Aerial perspective results in a more expressive shaded relief and helps the reader to understand the structure of a landscape more easily. We introduce a simple yet effective method for adding aerial perspective to shaded relief that is easy to control by the mapmaker.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-28
Number of pages8
JournalCartography and Geographic Information Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • aerial perspective
  • atmospheric depth
  • hillshade
  • proximity luminance covariance
  • shaded relief
  • Swiss style relief shading

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