Adverse drug reaction management in hospital settings: review on practice variations, quality indicators and education focus

Ar Kar Aung, Steven Walker, Yin Li Khu, Mei Jie Tang, Jennifer I. Lee, Linda Velta Graudins

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) contribute significantly to healthcare burden. However, they are largely preventable through appropriate management processes. This narrative review aims to identify the quality indicators that should be considered for routine monitoring of processes within hospital ADR management systems. It also examines the potential reasons behind variation in ADR management practices amongst HCPs, and explores possible solutions, focusing on targeted education programmes, to improve both the quality and quantity indicators of ADR management processes. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to explore relevant themes and topics concerning ADR management, quality indicators and educational interventions. Results: Substantial variability exists in ADR management amongst healthcare professionals (HCPs) with regard to reporting rates, characteristics of ADRs reported, quality of assessment, completeness of reports and, most importantly, risk communication practices. These variable practices not only threaten patient safety but also undermine pharmacovigilance processes. To date, quality indicators to monitor ADR management practices within hospital settings remain ill-defined. Furthermore, evidence behind effective interventions, especially in the form of targeted education strategies, to improve the quality of ADR management remains limited. Conclusions: The focus of ADR management in hospitals should be to promote patient safety through comprehensive assessment, risk communication and safe prescribing. There is a need to develop a system to define, measure and monitor the quality of ADR management. Educational strategies may help improve the quality of ADR management processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number78(5)
Pages (from-to)781-791
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Adverse drug reactions
  • Education strategies
  • Management
  • Practice variations
  • Quality
  • Reporting

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