The adsorption of nanostructured lyotropic liquid-crystal particles, cubosomes and hexosomes, at surfaces was investigated for potential use in surface-specific agrochemical delivery. Adsorption of phytantriol (PHYT) and glyceryl monooleate (GMO)-based cubosomes and hexosomes, stabilized using Pluronic F127, at tristearin-coated (model leaf surface) and uncoated zinc selenide surfaces was studied using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform IR (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, by quantifying the IR absorbance due to the lipid components of the particles over time. The delivery of an encapsulated hydrophobic model herbicide [dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE)] was also examined on the model and real leaf surfaces. The adsorption behavior of the particles by ATR-FTIR was dependent on the internal nanostructure and lipid composition, with PHYT cubosomes adsorbing more avidly at tristearin surfaces than GMO-based cubosomes or hexosomes. There was a direct correlation between DDE associated with the surfaces and the particle adsorption observed in the ATR-FTIR study, strongly implicating particle adsorption with the delivery efficiency. Differences between the mode of interaction of the Pluronic stabilizer with the different lipids and particle nanostructures were proposed to lead to differences in the particle adsorption behavior.
Dong, Y., Larson, I., Barnes, T., Prestidge, C., & Boyd, B. (2011). Adsorption of nonlamellar nanostructured liquid-crystalline particles to biorelevant surfaces for improved delivery of bioactive compounds. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 3(5), 1771 - 1780. https://doi.org/10.1021/am2003069