Adrenergic and cholinergic regulation of cortisol secretion from the zona fasciculata/reticularis of bovine adrenal cortex

S. W. Walker, E. R.T. Lightly, C. Clyne, B. C. Williams, I. M. Bird

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Inner zone cells, isolated from bovine adrenal cortex, secrete cortisol in response to both adrenergic and cholinergic agonists. The response to adrenaline (and other catecholamines) appears during culture, is evident by 24 h and reaches a maximum by 48-72 h, but is absent in freshly isolated cells. Pre-incubation of cultured cells with adrenaline leads to homologous desensitisation; the possibility that this may explain the absent response in freshly isolated cells is discussed. Cells show a dose-dependent cyclic AMP response but no increased membrane phosphoinositide turnover. In agreement, cortisol secretion is blocked by βreceptor, but not αreceptor, antagonists. Schild analysis established that the response occurs through binding to a β1,-receptor subtype, consistent with adrenergic innervation as opposed to an effect of circulating catecholamines. In contrast, cortisol secretion to AcCh was present in both freshly isolated cells and those in culture, reaching a maximum by 48-72 h in culture. The response was specifically blocked by muscarinic, but not nicotinic, antagonists. No effect on cyclic AMP formation was observed, but dose-dependent stimulation of phosphoinositide turnover occurred. HPLC analysis of the time-course of appearance of 3H-inositol labelled head

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-265
Number of pages29
JournalEndocrine Research
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

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