ADP-ribosylating binary toxin genes of Clostridium difficile strain CCUG 20309

Siao Yun Chang, Keang Peng Song

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The cdt genes that encode a binary ADP-ribosylating toxin in Clostridium difficile were first characterized from a toxigenic C. difficile strain CD196 in 1997. We report here C. difficile strain CCUG 20309 (ATCC 8864), a strain that produces toxin B but not toxin A, also carry a complete set of cdtA and cdtB genes. These genes were sequenced by cycle sequencing method. The 2 ORFs and the intergenic sequences of these 2 strains have a homology of 99.6 %. Interestingly, 9 extra bases were found within the cdtA gene of strain CCUG 20309 which do not affect the downstream region of the OW. Using the same homologous primers, the highly toxigenic reference strain VPI 10463 was found to carry only parts of the 2 ORFs while a nontoxigenic strain ATCC 8884 does not carry any of the cdt genes. Though it remains to be determined whether these genes are expressed, it is significant that strain CCUG 20309 contains the complete set of cdt genes. We speculate that the putative expressed proteins may contribute to pathogenesis, for example, enterotoxicity, of this unique strain of bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-120
Number of pages6
JournalDNA Sequence
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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