Adolescent Care-Orientation and Positive Development in Young Adulthood

Delyse Hutchinson, George J. Youssef, Adrienne Buhagiar, Samantha Teague, Jacqui A. Macdonald, Primrose Letcher, Chris Greenwood, Jennifer McIntosh, John W. Toumbourou, Bill W.T. Hallam, Helen Skouteris, Ann Sanson, Craig A. Olsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the extent to which care-oriented attitudes and behaviours in adolescence (e.g., volunteering) predict positive development (PD; e.g., life satisfaction and meaning/purpose) in young adulthood (19–28 years). Methods: The analytic sample comprised 1,359 participants participating from a 35-year (16 wave) population-based cohort study (The Australian Temperament Project). Adolescent care-oriented attitudes and behaviours were defined in mid-adolescence (15–16 years). Young adult PD was defined by latent growth curve modelling across three waves (19–20, 23–24, and 27–28 years). Results: There was considerable variation in PD at the beginning of young adulthood (19–20 years) (variance of intercept = 40.22, SE = 4.53, p <.001). Once baseline PD levels were established in young adulthood, there was evidence of increasing PD over time (mean slope =.34, SE =.04, 95%CI = [.26,.41], p <.001, β =.65), with little variation in this rate of change between participants (variance of slope =.27, SE =.15, p =.087). After controlling for sex, parental education, and personality factors (b = 3.49, SE(b) =.67, 95%CI = [2.17, 4.80], p <.001, β =.22) care orientations in adolescence predicted PD at age 19–20 years, establishing the starting point of PD trajectories across young adulthood. Conclusions: Results suggest that promotion of care-oriented attitudes and behaviours in adolescence may enhance adult development by increasing PD levels at the start of the twenties. Intervening earlier in life is indicated as PD tends to remain stable throughout young adulthood once established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Care-orientation
  • Latent growth curve modelling
  • Positive development
  • Young adult

Cite this

Hutchinson, D., Youssef, G. J., Buhagiar, A., Teague, S., Macdonald, J. A., Letcher, P., ... Olsson, C. A. (2019). Adolescent Care-Orientation and Positive Development in Young Adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(1), 63-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.07.024
Hutchinson, Delyse ; Youssef, George J. ; Buhagiar, Adrienne ; Teague, Samantha ; Macdonald, Jacqui A. ; Letcher, Primrose ; Greenwood, Chris ; McIntosh, Jennifer ; Toumbourou, John W. ; Hallam, Bill W.T. ; Skouteris, Helen ; Sanson, Ann ; Olsson, Craig A. / Adolescent Care-Orientation and Positive Development in Young Adulthood. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2019 ; Vol. 64, No. 1. pp. 63-69.
@article{e779f45f04d04a8cb99d4244832e5132,
title = "Adolescent Care-Orientation and Positive Development in Young Adulthood",
abstract = "Purpose: This study examined the extent to which care-oriented attitudes and behaviours in adolescence (e.g., volunteering) predict positive development (PD; e.g., life satisfaction and meaning/purpose) in young adulthood (19–28 years). Methods: The analytic sample comprised 1,359 participants participating from a 35-year (16 wave) population-based cohort study (The Australian Temperament Project). Adolescent care-oriented attitudes and behaviours were defined in mid-adolescence (15–16 years). Young adult PD was defined by latent growth curve modelling across three waves (19–20, 23–24, and 27–28 years). Results: There was considerable variation in PD at the beginning of young adulthood (19–20 years) (variance of intercept = 40.22, SE = 4.53, p <.001). Once baseline PD levels were established in young adulthood, there was evidence of increasing PD over time (mean slope =.34, SE =.04, 95{\%}CI = [.26,.41], p <.001, β =.65), with little variation in this rate of change between participants (variance of slope =.27, SE =.15, p =.087). After controlling for sex, parental education, and personality factors (b = 3.49, SE(b) =.67, 95{\%}CI = [2.17, 4.80], p <.001, β =.22) care orientations in adolescence predicted PD at age 19–20 years, establishing the starting point of PD trajectories across young adulthood. Conclusions: Results suggest that promotion of care-oriented attitudes and behaviours in adolescence may enhance adult development by increasing PD levels at the start of the twenties. Intervening earlier in life is indicated as PD tends to remain stable throughout young adulthood once established.",
keywords = "Care-orientation, Latent growth curve modelling, Positive development, Young adult",
author = "Delyse Hutchinson and Youssef, {George J.} and Adrienne Buhagiar and Samantha Teague and Macdonald, {Jacqui A.} and Primrose Letcher and Chris Greenwood and Jennifer McIntosh and Toumbourou, {John W.} and Hallam, {Bill W.T.} and Helen Skouteris and Ann Sanson and Olsson, {Craig A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.07.024",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "63--69",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

Hutchinson, D, Youssef, GJ, Buhagiar, A, Teague, S, Macdonald, JA, Letcher, P, Greenwood, C, McIntosh, J, Toumbourou, JW, Hallam, BWT, Skouteris, H, Sanson, A & Olsson, CA 2019, 'Adolescent Care-Orientation and Positive Development in Young Adulthood' Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 63-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.07.024

Adolescent Care-Orientation and Positive Development in Young Adulthood. / Hutchinson, Delyse; Youssef, George J.; Buhagiar, Adrienne; Teague, Samantha; Macdonald, Jacqui A.; Letcher, Primrose; Greenwood, Chris; McIntosh, Jennifer; Toumbourou, John W.; Hallam, Bill W.T.; Skouteris, Helen; Sanson, Ann; Olsson, Craig A.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 64, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 63-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescent Care-Orientation and Positive Development in Young Adulthood

AU - Hutchinson, Delyse

AU - Youssef, George J.

AU - Buhagiar, Adrienne

AU - Teague, Samantha

AU - Macdonald, Jacqui A.

AU - Letcher, Primrose

AU - Greenwood, Chris

AU - McIntosh, Jennifer

AU - Toumbourou, John W.

AU - Hallam, Bill W.T.

AU - Skouteris, Helen

AU - Sanson, Ann

AU - Olsson, Craig A.

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Purpose: This study examined the extent to which care-oriented attitudes and behaviours in adolescence (e.g., volunteering) predict positive development (PD; e.g., life satisfaction and meaning/purpose) in young adulthood (19–28 years). Methods: The analytic sample comprised 1,359 participants participating from a 35-year (16 wave) population-based cohort study (The Australian Temperament Project). Adolescent care-oriented attitudes and behaviours were defined in mid-adolescence (15–16 years). Young adult PD was defined by latent growth curve modelling across three waves (19–20, 23–24, and 27–28 years). Results: There was considerable variation in PD at the beginning of young adulthood (19–20 years) (variance of intercept = 40.22, SE = 4.53, p <.001). Once baseline PD levels were established in young adulthood, there was evidence of increasing PD over time (mean slope =.34, SE =.04, 95%CI = [.26,.41], p <.001, β =.65), with little variation in this rate of change between participants (variance of slope =.27, SE =.15, p =.087). After controlling for sex, parental education, and personality factors (b = 3.49, SE(b) =.67, 95%CI = [2.17, 4.80], p <.001, β =.22) care orientations in adolescence predicted PD at age 19–20 years, establishing the starting point of PD trajectories across young adulthood. Conclusions: Results suggest that promotion of care-oriented attitudes and behaviours in adolescence may enhance adult development by increasing PD levels at the start of the twenties. Intervening earlier in life is indicated as PD tends to remain stable throughout young adulthood once established.

AB - Purpose: This study examined the extent to which care-oriented attitudes and behaviours in adolescence (e.g., volunteering) predict positive development (PD; e.g., life satisfaction and meaning/purpose) in young adulthood (19–28 years). Methods: The analytic sample comprised 1,359 participants participating from a 35-year (16 wave) population-based cohort study (The Australian Temperament Project). Adolescent care-oriented attitudes and behaviours were defined in mid-adolescence (15–16 years). Young adult PD was defined by latent growth curve modelling across three waves (19–20, 23–24, and 27–28 years). Results: There was considerable variation in PD at the beginning of young adulthood (19–20 years) (variance of intercept = 40.22, SE = 4.53, p <.001). Once baseline PD levels were established in young adulthood, there was evidence of increasing PD over time (mean slope =.34, SE =.04, 95%CI = [.26,.41], p <.001, β =.65), with little variation in this rate of change between participants (variance of slope =.27, SE =.15, p =.087). After controlling for sex, parental education, and personality factors (b = 3.49, SE(b) =.67, 95%CI = [2.17, 4.80], p <.001, β =.22) care orientations in adolescence predicted PD at age 19–20 years, establishing the starting point of PD trajectories across young adulthood. Conclusions: Results suggest that promotion of care-oriented attitudes and behaviours in adolescence may enhance adult development by increasing PD levels at the start of the twenties. Intervening earlier in life is indicated as PD tends to remain stable throughout young adulthood once established.

KW - Care-orientation

KW - Latent growth curve modelling

KW - Positive development

KW - Young adult

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055748214&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.07.024

DO - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.07.024

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 63

EP - 69

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 1

ER -

Hutchinson D, Youssef GJ, Buhagiar A, Teague S, Macdonald JA, Letcher P et al. Adolescent Care-Orientation and Positive Development in Young Adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2019 Jan;64(1):63-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.07.024