Admission Decision-Making in Hospital Emergency Departments: The Role of the Accompanying Person

Susanna Rance, Debra Westlake, Heather Brant, Ingrid Holme, Ruth Endacott, Jonathan Pinkney, Richard Byng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In resource-stretched emergency departments, people accompanying patients play key roles in patients’ care. This article presents analysis of the ways health professionals and accompanying persons talked about admission decisions and caring roles. The authors used an ethnographic case study design involving participant observation and semi-structured interviews with 13 patients, 17 accompanying persons and 26 health care professionals in four National Health Service hospitals in south-west England. Focused analysis of interactional data revealed that professionals’ standardization of the patient–carer relationship contrasted with accompanying persons’ varied connections with patients. Accompanying persons could directly or obliquely express willingness, ambivalence and resistance to supporting patients’ care. The drive to avoid admissions can lead health professionals to deploy conversational skills to enlist accompanying persons for discharge care without exploring the meanings of their particular relationship with the patients. Taking a relationship-centered approach could improve the attention to accompanying persons as co-producers of health care and participants in decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalGlobal Qualitative Nursing Research
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • caregivers
  • carers
  • decision-making
  • emergency department
  • emergency room
  • ethnography
  • qualitative research
  • United Kingdom

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