The objective was to understand the influence of the surface roughness of lactose carriers on the adhesion and dispersion of salmeterol xinafoate (SX) from interactive mixtures. The surface roughness of lactose carriers was determined by confocal microscopy. Particle images and adhesion forces between SX and lactose particles were determined by Atomic Force Microscopy. The dispersion of SX (2.5 ) from interactive mixtures with lactose was determined using a twin-stage impiger (TSI) with a RotahalerA? at an airflow rate of 60L/min. SX was analysed using a validated HPLC assay. The RMS Rq of lactose carriers ranged from 0.93-2.84A?m, the Fine Particle Fraction (FPF) of SX ranged between 4 and 24 percent and average adhesion force between a SX and lactose particles ranged between the RMS Rq of lactose carriers and either the FPF of SX for the interactive mixtures or the adhesion force of a SX on the lactose particles; however, the presence of fine lactose associated with the carrier surface increased the FPF of SX. Dispersion through direct SX detachment from the carrier surface was not consistent with the poor correlations described and was more likely to occur through complex particulate interactions involving fine lactose.
|Title of host publication||CHEMECA 2009|
|Editors||T Heyns, M Ang, C Butler, P Hay, R Kelson, J Langford, Y K Leong, P McEwen, D Montgomery, P Snowsill, M Tade|
|Place of Publication||Australia|
|Pages||1 - 10|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
|Event||Chemeca: Australasian Conference on Chemical Engineering 2009 - Perth, W.A., Perth, Australia|
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …
|Conference||Chemeca: Australasian Conference on Chemical Engineering 2009|
|Period||1/01/09 → …|
Islam, M. N., Stewart, P. J., Larson, I. C., & Hartley, P. (2009). Adhesion and dispersion of salmeterol xinafoate from lactose interactive mixtures for inhalation - can surface roughness of carriers determine performance. In T. Heyns, M. Ang, C. Butler, P. Hay, R. Kelson, J. Langford, Y. K. Leong, P. McEwen, D. Montgomery, P. Snowsill, ... M. Tade (Eds.), CHEMECA 2009 (pp. 1 - 10). Australia: Engineers Australia.