This report describes a case of adenovirus infection in a renal allograft 36 days after transplantation that presented with transient macroscopic hematuria, prominent systemic features and acute renal dysfunction. The patient had persistent high fevers despite broad antibiotic cover. A CT scan demonstrated a new discrete space occupying lesion in the allograft, which was devoid of blood flow on Doppler sonography. A targeted renal biopsy showed florid and focal necrotizing interstitial nephritis with intranuclear tubular viral inclusions. Treatment with ganciclovir and reduction in immunosuppression resulted in a rapid improvement, lmmunohistochemistry and electron microscopy confirmed adenovirus infection. This case demonstrates an uncommon presentation of necrotizing adenoviral nephropathy, which should be considered in cases of renal allograft mass lesions.
- Kidney space occupying lesion
- Kidney transplantation
- Necrotizing interstitial nephritis