Addressing the challenges facing one-stop border posts in Africa: lessons from Chirundu

Dennis Ndonga, Emmanuel Laryea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


As African countries work towards establishing a continental market created under the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), emphasis needs to be placed on improving connectivity and regional accessibility. One-Stop Border Posts (OSBPs) are central to enhancing interconnectivity among African countries to facilitate traffic flows along Africa's transport corridors. Under the OSBP concept, all traffic stops once to undertake both exit and entry formalities when crossing into another jurisdiction. Such a framework would help alleviate border congestion and delays that adversely impact transport costs, trade flows, and trade competitiveness. However, OSBPs present their own challenges. Using the Chirundu OSBP between Zambia and Zimbabwe (which was the first of its kind in Sub-Saharan Africa) as a case study, this article examines the challenges, highlights the issues, and suggests ways to address the problems. It reviews the border management and infrastructure challenges affecting operations and success of the Chirundu OSBP and points to implementation lessons that can be drawn to inform other African countries that intend to implement, or are in the process of developing, OSBPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-89
Number of pages24
JournalAfrican Journal of International and Comparative Law
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • One Stop Border Posts
  • OSBP
  • AfCFTA
  • Trade Facilitation
  • Chirundu Border Post
  • One-Stop Border Posts in Africa

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