Acute weakness syndromes in critically ill patients - A reappraisal

J. L. Nates, D. J. Cooper, B. Day, D. V. Tuxen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the last twenty years, increasing numbers of critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients who develop acute profound muscle weakness have been described. These acute weakness syndromes have not been well understood and they have been given many names including: acute steroid myopathy, acute quadriplegic myopathy, the floppy person syndrome, critical illness polyneuropathy, critical illness polyneuromyopathy, and prolonged neurogenic weakness. Many of these 'syndromes' either overlap or represent the same disease process in different patients. Many have been incompletely diagnosed. During this review it became evident that the acute weakness syndromes currently recognized in critically ill patients could be categorized into four major groups: myopathy, neuromuscular junction abnormalities, neuropathy and polyneuromyopathy. Each had a different possible aetiologies. 'Myopathy' includes acute necrotizing myopathy and disuse atrophy. Neuromuscular junction abnormalities are subdivided into myasthemia-like syndromes and prolonged neuromuscular blockade. Neuropathies are divided into critical illness polyneuropathy and acute motor neuropathy. The anterior horn cell injury in Hopkins syndrome should also be considered in this group. Polyneuromyopathies include various combinations of neuropathy and myopathy in the same patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-513
Number of pages12
JournalAnaesthesia and Intensive Care
Volume25
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Critical illness: weakness, neuropathy, myopathy, polyneuropathy, asthma, quadriplegia, sepsis, corticosteroids, muscle relaxants, aminoglycosides

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