The molecular mechanisms by which corticosteroids affect fluid and electrolyte balance are unclear. Though glucocorticoid-responsive genes have been identified, genes regulated by aldosterone have not. CHIF (channel- inducing factor gene) is a recently identified gene that is up-regulated in the distal colon by chronic corticosteroid exposure, is expressed in the kidney, and induces a K+-specific current in Xenopus oocytes. The predicted protein shows similarity to γNa.K-ATPase, phospholemman, and Mat-8; all seem to be involved in ion transport. CHIF thus presents as a potential aldosterone target gene. In this study, CHIF expression was examined in rats in the acute timeframe of 0.5-4 h after corticosteroid administration. CHIF messenger RNA showed up-regulation by both mineralocorticoid and gluCocorticoid receptor agonists in the distal colon, which was not diminished by cycloheximide. Corticosteroid regulation was not observed in the kidney. Basal and induced expression was absent in the lung and in all gastrointestinal tissues except colon, with expression increasing proximal to distal. CHIF is the first gene to show acute regulation by aldosterone and thus encodes a candidate aldosterone-induced protein. In addition, γNa.K- ATPase gene expression was found to be very low in colon and significantly higher in kidney. Regulation by corticosteroids was hot evident in either tissue.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|