Acute effects of a dietary non-starch polysaccharide supplement on cognitive performance in healthy middle-aged adults

Talitha Best, Peter Howe, Janet Bryan, Jonathan Buckley, Andrew Scholey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Certain plant polysaccharides may provide psychological health benefits. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether they can acutely improve mood and cognitive function. Method: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, between subjects design trial, 73 middle-aged adults consumed 4 g of a proprietary mixture of non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) (Ambrotose® complex), a rice flour placebo, or a sucrose control. Participants completed testing at baseline and 30 minutes post-consumption. Acute effects of consumption on mood, cognition, and blood glucose were evaluated during mental tests designed to induce mental fatigue. Results: Significant improvement in recognition and working memory performance was observed in the group that consumed NSP compared with placebo or sucrose. Improvements in memory performance following NSP intake were independent of changes in blood glucose. Discussion: This is the first report of acute behavioural improvement following plant polysaccharide intake in healthy middle-aged adults under conditions of mental fatigue. The findings suggest that certain NSP may enhance memory performance through mechanisms other than elevated blood glucose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-86
Number of pages11
JournalNutritional Neuroscience
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arabinogalactan
  • Cognition
  • Dietary polysaccharides
  • Memory
  • Middle-aged adults
  • Plant polysaccharides
  • Saccharides

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