Acute Continuous Hemodiafiltration: A Prospective Study of 110 Patients and a Review of the Literature

Rinaldo Bellomo, Neil Boyce

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Abstract

One hundred ten critically ill patients with acute renal failure receiving acute continuous hemodiafiltration (ACHD) in our intensive care unit were studied prospectively. Acute continuous hemodiatiltration consisted either of continuous arteriovenous hemodiafiltration or of continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration, and was used for 17,817 hours (mean duration of patient treatment, 161.9 hours), resulting in a fall from a mean pre-ACHD urea of 35.7 mmol/L to a plateau value of 16.8 mmol/L at 72 hours of treatment. The mean urea clearance achieved was 24.9 mL/min. Eighty of these patients (72.7%) were receiving artificial ventilation at the time of ACHD and 45 (40.9%) had more than four failing organs. The mean APACHE II score was 27.7. Despite the degree of illness severity, 42 patients (32.2%) survived to discharge from hospital. The use of ACHD was associated with hemodynamic stability, rapid normalization of electrolytes, and the ability to freely administer drugs, blood, and/or blood products. It also allowed for maintenance of an aggressive, nitrogen-rich, nutritional regimen. Support of these critically ill patients with acute renal failure using ACHD was achieved safely and without the employment of additional dialysis-trained nursing staff. Our own experience and a review of the available literature strongly suggest that the advantages associated with the use of ACHD therapies are clinically significant and support the view that ACHD is a modality of renal replacement most suited to critically ill patients with acute renal failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-518
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute renal failure
  • critical illness
  • hemodialysis
  • Hemofiltration
  • multiorgan failure
  • peritoneal dialysis
  • sepsis
  • uremia

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