Activated macrophages and microglia induce dopaminergic sprouting in the injured striatum and express brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor

Peter E. Batchelor, Gabriel T. Liberatore, John Y.F. Wong, Michelle J. Porritt, Fenneke Frerichs, Geoffrey A. Donnan, David W. Howells

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483 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons undergo sprouting around the margins of a striatal wound. The mechanism of this peri-wound sprouting has been unclear. In this study, we have examined the role played by the macrophage and microglial response that follows striatal injury. Macrophages and activated microglia quickly accumulate after injury and reach their greatest numbers in the first week. Subsequently, the number of both cell types declines rapidly in the first month and thereafter more slowly. Macrophage numbers eventually cease to decline, and a sizable group of these cells remains at the wound site and forms a long-term, highly activated resident population. This population of macrophages expresses increasing amounts of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA with time. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA is also expressed in and around the wound site. Production of this factor is by both activated microglia and, to a lesser extent, macrophages. The production of these potent dopaminergic neurotrophic factors occurs in a similar spatial distribution to sprouting dopaminergic fibers. Moreover, dopamine transporter-positive dopaminergic neurites can be seen growing toward and embracing hemosiderin-filled wound macrophages. The dopaminergic sprouting that accompanies striatal injury thus appears to result from neurotrophic factor secretion by activated macrophages and microglia at the wound site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1708-1716
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BDNF
  • Dopamine
  • GDNF
  • Macrophage
  • Microglia
  • Sprouting
  • Striatal injury

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