Accommodation outcomes and transitions following community-based intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury

Sue Sloan, Elizabeth Callaway, Dianne Winkler, Kirsten McKinley, Carlo Vincenzo Ziino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To explore living situation, support and participation outcomes of people with severe acquired brain injury (ABI) residing in either home-like or disabilityspecific accommodation settings, who were provided with 3 years of occupational therapy intervention based on the Community Approach to Participation (CAP). To examine transitions for a subgroup whose accommodation and support model changed during this 3-year period and identify factors critical to this change. Method: Forty-three participants who had sustained severe to extremely severe ABI, and were an average of 6.73 years post-injury, were provided with CAP intervention over a 3-year period. Living situation and support model, participation levels and accommodation transition data were collected at four time points. Results: Participants were living in a range of home-like and disability-specific accommodation settings at baseline. The disability-specific accommodation group had mainly noncompensable injuries and required a significantly higher level of daily support at all four time points. They also received higher total hours of support, which averaged 170.83 hours per week at baseline and did not change significantly over the 3 years. In contrast, 86 of the participants residing in homelike settings had compensable injuries and received an average of 91.46 hours of support per week at baseline. This reduced to 70.97 hours per week over the 3-year intervention period, a change that was statistically significant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24 - 43
Number of pages20
JournalBrain Impairment
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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