Access control, key management, and trust for emerging Wireless Body Area Networks

Ahmad Salehi Shahraki, Hagen Lauer, Marthie Grobler, Amin Sakzad, Carsten Rudolph

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review


Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) are an emerging industrial technology for monitoring physiological data. These networks employ medical wearable and implanted biomedical sensors aimed at improving quality of life by providing body-oriented services through a variety of industrial sensing gadgets. The sensors collect vital data from the body and forward this information to other nodes for further services using short-range wireless communication technology. In this paper, we provide a multi-aspect review of recent advancements made in this field pertaining to cross-domain security, privacy, and trust issues. The aim is to present an overall review of WBAN research and projects based on applications, devices, and communication architecture. We examine current issues and challenges with WBAN communications and technologies, with the aim of providing insights for a future vision of remote healthcare systems. We specifically address the potential and shortcomings of various Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) architectures and communication schemes that are proposed to maintain security, privacy, and trust within digital healthcare systems. Although current solutions and schemes aim to provide some level of security, several serious challenges remain that need to be understood and addressed. Our aim is to suggest future research directions for establishing best practices in protecting healthcare data. This includes monitoring, access control, key management, and trust management. The distinguishing feature of this survey is the combination of our review with a critical perspective on the future of WBANs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9856
Number of pages32
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2023


  • access control
  • healthcare system
  • key management
  • privacy
  • security
  • trust
  • Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs)

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