Acceptance-based CBT for command hallucinations: Rationale, implementation, outcomes and reflections from the TORCH project

Frances Shawyer, John Farhall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


Auditory halluncinations (AHs), often experienced as voices, are hetrogeneous experiences that can occur across a wide variety of conditions and illnesses. Although most commonly associated with schizophrenia, they can also occur in psychiatrically and medically well individuals in the general population, where the experience is usually transient with benign content (Barrett Caylor, 1998; Choong, Hunter, Woodruff, 2007; Gierlicz, 1998; Grimby, 1993; Junginger Frame, 1985; Mott, Small, Anderson, 1965; Posey Losch, 1983-1984). Exclusively positive voices are experienced by some individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia; however, these occur only in a minority of cases (Sanjuan, Gonzalex, Aguilar, Leal, van Os, 2004). For example, surveys of AHs in people with schizophrenia typically find their voices are described as predominantly negative, distressing (Carter, Mackinnon Copolov, 1996; Close Garety, 1998; Copolov, Mackinnon, Trauer, 2004; John, 2002; Ouli, Mavreas, Mamounas, Stefanis, 1995), and subjectively powerful (Chadwick Birchwood, 1994; Close Garety, 1998).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIncorporating Acceptance and Mindfulness into the Treatment of Psychosis
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Trends and Future Directions
EditorsBrandon A Gaudiano
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages42
ISBN (Print)9780199997213
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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