ABO incompatible renal transplantation without antibody removal using conventional immunosuppression alone

Rosemary Masterson, Peter D Hughes, Rowan G Walker, Christopher J Hogan, Michael N Haeusler, Amanda Robertson, Robert J Millar, Nancy Suh, Solomon Jonathan Cohney

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63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ABO incompatible living donor renal transplantation (ABOi) can achieve outcomes comparable to ABO compatible transplantation (ABOc). However, with the exception of blood group A2 kidneys transplanted into recipients with low titer anti-A antibody, regimens generally include antibody removal, intensified immunosuppression and splenectomy or rituximab. We now report a series of 20 successful renal transplants across a range of blood group incompatibilities using conventional immunosuppression alone in recipients with low baseline anti-blood group antibody (ABGAb) titers. Incompatibilities were A1 to O (3), A1 to B (2), A2 to O (2), AB to A (2), AB to B (1), B to A1 (9), B to O (1); titers 1:1 to 1:16 by Ortho. At 36 months, patient and graft survival are 100 . Antibody-mediated rejection (AbMR) occurred in one patient with thrombophilia and low level donor-specific anti-HLA antibody. Four patients experienced cellular rejection (two subclinical), which responded to oral prednisolone. This series demonstrates that selected patients with low titer ABGAb can undergo ABOi with standard immunosuppression alone, suggesting baseline titer as a reliable predictor of AbMR. This reduces morbidity and cost of ABOi for patients with low titer ABGAb and increases the possibility of ABOi from deceased donors. The authors describe successful ABO-incompatible renal transplantation without antibody removal in recipients with constitutively low baseline anti-blood group antibody levels using conventional immunosuppression alone without rituximab or splenectomy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2807 - 2813
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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