Abnormal myocardial contraction in 1A- and 1B-adrenoceptor double-knockout mice

Diana T McCloskey, Lynne Turnbull, Philip M Swigart, Timothy D O'Connell, Paul C Simpson, Anthony J Baker

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We used double-knockout mice (ABKO) lacking both predominant myocardial alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor (AR) subtypes (alpha(1A) and alpha(1B)) to determine if alpha(1)-ARs are required for normal myocardial contraction. Langendorff-perfused ABKO hearts had higher developed pressure than wild type (WT) hearts (123 +/- 3 mmHg n = 22 vs. 103 +/- 3 mmHg, n = 38, P <0.001). Acutely inhibiting alpha(1)-ARs in WT hearts with prazosin did not increase pressure, suggesting that the increased pressure of ABKO hearts was mediated by long-term trophic effects on contraction rather than direct regulatory effects of alpha(1)-AR removal. Similar to perfused hearts, ABKO ventricular trabeculae had higher submaximal force at 2 mM extracellular [Ca(2+)] than WT (11.4 +/- 1.7 vs. 6.9 +/- 0.6 mN/mm(2), n = 8, P <0.05); however, the peaks of fura-2 Ca(2+) transients were not different (0.79 +/- 0.11 vs. 0.75 +/- 0.16 microM, n = 10-12, P > 0.05), suggesting ABKO myocardium had increased myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity. This conclusion was supported by measuring the Ca(2+)-force relationship using tetanization. Increased myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity was not explained by intracellular pH, which did not differ between ABKO and WT (7.41 +/- 0.01 vs. 7.39 +/- 0.02, n = 4-6, P > 0.05; from BCECF fluorescence). However, ABKO displayed impaired troponin I phosphorylation, which may have played a role. In contrast to increased submaximal force, ABKO trabeculae had lower maximal force than WT at high extracellular [Ca(2+)] (29.6 +/- 1.9 vs. 37.6 +/- 1.4 mN/mm(2), n = 7, P <0.01). However, peak cytosolic [Ca(2+)] was not different (1.13 +/- 0.15 vs. 1.19 +/- 0.04 microM, n = 6-7, P > 0.05), suggesting ABKO myocardium had impaired myofilament function.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1207 - 1216
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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