Ability of the reductive x-ray score for psoriatic arthritis (REXSPA) to detect change in an observational cohort of patients with PsA

Anna Antony, A. Allard, Gavin Shaddick, Deepak R. Jadon, Gavin Shaddick, Eleanor Korendowych, Neil J. McHugh, William Tillett

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractOtherpeer-review

Abstract

Background:The measurement of radiographic joint damage is important in characterising disease severity, progression, and prognosis in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Existing radiographic measures are time-consuming to perform, leading to limited data collection from existing longitudinal observational studies.Objectives:We have previously proposed a Reductive X-ray Score for Psoriatic Arthritis (ReXSPA)as more feasible method, and in this study set out to examine the sensitivity of ReXSPA in a new cohort of patients.Methods:A retrospective sample of 28 patients who had hand and feet radiographs at 3 time points (5 years before [T], at the time of [T], and 5 years post [T] commencement of anti-TNF treatment) were taken from the Bath longitudinal PsA cohort. Radiographs were scored for erosion, joint space narrowing and proliferation to calculate the Sharp-van der Heijde modified method (VDH) and ReXSPA scores. A sample of 9 radiographs were scored by all assessors (WT, AA and AA) to determine inter- and intra-rater reliability using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC). Sensitivity to change was determined from timepoint Tto Tusing the Standardised Response Mean (SRM) and Smallest Detectable Change (SDC).Results:The patients’mean age (SD) at Twas 61 years (13.4), the mean disease duration was 11.2 years (11.14). Patients were followed up for a mean (SD) of 10.2 years (2.76). Overall inter- and intra-rater reliability for ReXSPA and VDH were 0.80 and >0.92 and 0.91 and >0.90 respectively. The median (IQR) of ReXSPA score was 8.5 (1–14), 12.5 (5–20) and 14.5 (8–36) at T, T, and T2 respectively. The percentage SDC was 0.91 for the ReXSPA method and 0.77 for the VDH method, and the SRMs were 0.92 and 0.87 respectively (table 1), demonstrating the sensitivity of both methods in detecting change. There was a trend towards slowing in radiographic progression following the initiation of TNF-inhibitors, but ReXSPA was less sensitive compared to the VDH and was not able to detect a significant change in the rate of progression post-TNF inhibition (p 0.08) (Graphic 1).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1578-1579
Number of pages2
JournalAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Volume77
Issue numberIssue Suppl 2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
EventAnnual Congress of the European-League-Against-Rheumatism (EULAR) 2018
- RAI Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 13 Jun 201816 Jun 2018
http://congress2018.eular.org/

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