A vehicular license plate recognition framework for skewed images

M. Y. Arafat, A. S.M. Khairuddin, R. Paramesran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Vehicular license plate (LP) recognition system has risen as a significant field of research recently because various explorations are currently being conducted by the researchers to cope with the challenges of LPs which include different illumination and angular situations. This research focused on restricted conditions such as using image of only one vehicle, stationary background, no angular adjustment of the skewed images. A real time vehicular LP recognition scheme is proposed for the skewed images for detection, segmentation and recognition of LP. In this research, a polar co-ordinate transformation procedure is implemented to adjust the skewed vehicular images. Besides that, window scanning procedure is utilized for the candidate localization that is based on the texture characteristics of the image. Then, connected component analysis (CCA) is implemented to the binary image for character segmentation where the pixels get connected in an eight-point neighbourhood process. Finally, optical character recognition is implemented for the recognition of the characters. For measuring the performance of this experiment, 300 skewed images of different illumination conditions with various tilt angles have been tested. The results show that proposed method able to achieve accuracy of 96.3% in localizing, 95.4% in segmenting and 94.2% in recognizing the LPs with an average localization time of 0.52s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5522-5540
Number of pages19
JournalKSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Character recognition
  • Intelligent transport systems (ITS)
  • License plates (LP)
  • Skewed images

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