The transmembrane precursor of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) exits the trans-Golgi network (TGN) in tubular carriers for subsequent trafficking and delivery to the cell surface; however, the molecular machinery responsible for Golgi export is unknown. We previously reported that members of the TGN golgin family are associated with subdomains and tubules of the TGN. Here, we show that the TGN golgin, p230/golgin-245 (p230), is essential for intracellular trafficking and cell surface delivery of TNF in transfected HeLa cells and activated macrophages. Live-cell imaging revealed that TNF transport from the TGN is mediated selectively by tubules and carriers marked by p230. Significantly, LPS activation of macrophages resulted in a dramatic increase of p230-labeled tubules and carriers emerging from the TGN, indicating that macrophages up-regulate the transport pathway for TNF export. Depletion of p230 in LPS-stimulated macrophages reduced cell surface delivery of TNF by >10-fold compared with control cells. To determine whether p230 depletion blocked TNF secretion in vivo, we generated retrogenic mice expressing a microRNA-vector to silence p230. Bone-marrow stem cells were transduced with recombinant retrovirus containing microRNA constructs and transplanted into irradiated recipients. LPS-activated peritoneal macrophages from p230 miRNA retrogenic mice were depleted of p230 and had dramatically reduced levels of cell surface TNF. Overall, these studies have identified p230 as a key regulator of TNF secretion and have shown that LPS activation of macrophages results in increased Golgi carriers for export. Also, we have demonstrated a previously undescribed approach to control cytokine secretion by the specific silencing of trafficking machinery.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Mar 2008|
- Intracellular trafficking
- Membrane transport
- RNAi transgenic mice
- TNF secretion