A test to compare interval time series

Elizabeth Ann Maharaj, Paula Brito, Paulo Teles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We compare two interval time series (ITS) by testing whether their underlying distributions are significantly different or not. To perform hypothesis testing, we make use of the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) which decomposes a time series into a set of coefficients over a number of frequency bands or scales. We obtain the DWT of the radius and centre of each of the two ITS at different scales, and perform randomisation tests. In order to use a randomisation test, the observations must be uncorrelated; this condition is more or less satisfied since at each scale, the DWT coefficients are approximately uncorrelated with each other. Our proposed test statistic is the ratio of the determinants of the covariance matrix of radius and centre DWTs of the two ITS, at each scale. This test statistic ensures that the variability between the upper and lower bounds of each ITS is encompassed. Simulation studies conducted to evaluate the performance of the test show reasonably good estimates of size and power under most conditions, and applications to real interval time series reveal the practical usefulness of this test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-29
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Approximate Reasoning
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Discrete wavelet transform
  • Interval time series
  • Randomisation test

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