A surface temperature initiated closure (STIC) for surface energy balance fluxes

Kaniska Mallick, Andrew J Jarvis, Eva Boegh, Joshua B Fisher, Darren T Drewry, Kevin P Tu, Simon J Hook, Glynn Hulley, Jonas Ardo, Jason Beringer, M Altaf Arain, Dev Niyogi

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    80 Citations (Scopus)


    The use of Penman-Monteith (PM) equation in thermal remote sensing based surface energy balance modeling is not prevalent due to the unavailability of any direct method to integrate thermal data into the PM equation and due to the lack of physical models expressing the surface (or stomatal) and boundary layer conductances (gS and gB) as a function of surface temperature. Here we demonstrate a new method that physically integrates the radiometric surface temperature (TS) into the PM equation for estimating the terrestrial surface energy balance fluxes (sensible heat, H and latent heat, ^E). The method combines satellite TS data with standard energy balance closure models in order to derive a hybrid closure that does not require the specification of surface to atmosphere conductance terms. We call this the Surface Temperature Initiated Closure (STIC), which is formed by the simultaneous solution of four state equations. Taking advantage of the psychrometric relationship between temperature and vapor pressure, the present method also estimates the near surface moisture availability (M) from TS, air temperature (TA) and relative humidity (RH), thereby being capable of decomposing ^E into evaporation (^EE) and transpiration (^ET).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)243 - 261
    Number of pages19
    JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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