Catalytic pyrolysis is a useful technique for the conversion of scrap tyres into liquid fuels. Zeolite catalysts were employed in the pyrolysis of scrap tyres for the production of aromatic rich fuel. Deactivation of zeolite catalysts during pyrolysis reaction was investigated which played an important role in the product quality and composition. Herein, the performance of microporous zeolite catalysts and mesoporous MCM-41 catalyst was evaluated in a two-stage fixed bed reactor for the pyrolysis of scrap tyres. Comparative studies showed the increase in the production of aromatic compounds up to 23.7% over zeolite catalyst as compared to 18.7% over MCM-41 catalyst. However, Zeolite Y catalyst exhibited higher coke formation led to the rapid deactivation. The stability of zeolite catalysts is addressed by the incorporation of Cerium metal within the framework of two zeolite catalysts namely Zeolite Y and ZSM-5 through the ion-exchange technique. Parent and spent catalysts were characterised using synchrotron FT-IR spectroscopy, temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia (NH3-TPD), N2 Physisorption, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPD). A higher percentage of aromatics were produced over the large pore Zeolite Y. Cerium ion-exchange decreased the formation of coke from 8.1% to 5.7% over submicron and large pore Zeolite Y catalyst. Moreover, naphthalene production decreased over both Ce-Zeolite Y and Ce-ZSM-5.
- Fixed bed reactor
- Scrap tyre