Axisymmetric forward spiral extrusion (AFSE) accumulates large strains in its sample while extruding it through a die with engraved spiral grooves. A three-dimensional finite element model of AFSE has been developed using ABAQUS to investigate the deformation mode in detail, including the effect of groove geometry and the heterogeneity of plastic deformation. The numerical results demonstrated that the strain distribution in the AFSE sample cross section is linear in the radial direction within a concentric core while the distribution, outside the core, in the vicinity of the grooves is non-linear and non-axisymmetric. Mechanical properties and grain structure changes of the deformed sample were investigated. Improvements of mechanical properties in the processed samples can be attributed to the domination of the shear deformation mode in a plane normal to the extrusion axis and consequently the elongation of grains in the tangential direction.
|Pages (from-to)||1 - 15|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|