A study of delay-based level of service on pedestrian facility

Inhi Kim, Heechan Kang

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Society has widely accepted that pedestrians or bikes should have right of way over vehicle traffic flow. However, little research on pedestrian flow improvement compared with vehicle traffic flow has been conducted. Previous studies have found that 31.6 of pregnant women and 47 of the handicapped population find pedestrian facilities such as over-paths difficult to use. Normal pedestrians also find them inconvenient to climb up. Although it does not seem to be considered as a good service for users, pedestrian level-of-service (LOS) can be high if pedestrian flow is low. Currently, pedestrian LOS is measured based on the pedestrian flow rate, density and speed. This allows the magnitude of interruption among pedestrians who share a same place and a same time to be determined. It has be found that even though the travel time and distance of a crossing increases, the LOS can accommodate these changes if pedestrian facilities are wide enough or the design matches pedestrian flow rate. This paper presents a novel approach to determine the demand-oriented LOS on pedestrian facilities, which analysis an alternative to determine the LOS considering delay (travel time) by adopting the methodologies used in determining the road LOS. Over-paths were compared with walkways in terms of the new LOS in Cheonan, Korea. The results show that the current methodology indicates the LOS A whereas the alternative presents the LOS E on the same over-path.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2013 Proceedings
EditorsBrendan O'Keeffe
Place of PublicationCanberra ACT Australia
PublisherAustralian National Audit Office
Pages1 - 13
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2013 - Brisbane, Australia
Duration: 2 Oct 20134 Oct 2013
Conference number: 36th
https://www.australasiantransportresearchforum.org.au/papers/2013 (Proceedings)


ConferenceAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2013
Abbreviated titleATRF 2013
Internet address

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