A state-and-transition model to guide grassland management

Steve J. Sinclair, Tara Zamin, Paul Gibson-Roy, Joshua Dorrough, Nathan Wong, Vanessa Craigie, Georgia E. Garrard, Joslin L. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Grassland ecosystems across the globe have been extensively modified and degraded by agriculture and urban development, leaving conservation managers with a complex set of interacting legacies and opportunities to contend with. We advocate the use of state-and-transition models to assist conservation managers to deal with this complexity. Using a major development and compensation project as a case study (The Melbourne Strategic Assessment under the Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999), we discuss the uses and limitations of state-and-transition models for conservation management. We define a state-and-transition model for an endangered Australian temperate grassland. Soil and vegetation data are used to evaluate the model and confirm that the assigned states relate to observable agro-ecological patterns. We then discuss the use of this model for several different interacting purposes: as a tool for the simple communication of complex ecological processes; as a tool for landscape stratification to aid the spatial application of management and experimentation; as a framework to set and define conservation objectives; and as an aide for adaptive management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-453
Number of pages17
JournalAustralian Journal of Botany
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • adaptive management
  • management objectives
  • natural temperate grassland
  • prairie
  • Themeda triandra

Cite this

Sinclair, S. J., Zamin, T., Gibson-Roy, P., Dorrough, J., Wong, N., Craigie, V., ... Moore, J. L. (2019). A state-and-transition model to guide grassland management. Australian Journal of Botany, 67(5), 437-453. https://doi.org/10.1071/BT18167
Sinclair, Steve J. ; Zamin, Tara ; Gibson-Roy, Paul ; Dorrough, Joshua ; Wong, Nathan ; Craigie, Vanessa ; Garrard, Georgia E. ; Moore, Joslin L. / A state-and-transition model to guide grassland management. In: Australian Journal of Botany. 2019 ; Vol. 67, No. 5. pp. 437-453.
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Sinclair, SJ, Zamin, T, Gibson-Roy, P, Dorrough, J, Wong, N, Craigie, V, Garrard, GE & Moore, JL 2019, 'A state-and-transition model to guide grassland management', Australian Journal of Botany, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 437-453. https://doi.org/10.1071/BT18167

A state-and-transition model to guide grassland management. / Sinclair, Steve J.; Zamin, Tara; Gibson-Roy, Paul; Dorrough, Joshua; Wong, Nathan; Craigie, Vanessa; Garrard, Georgia E.; Moore, Joslin L.

In: Australian Journal of Botany, Vol. 67, No. 5, 01.01.2019, p. 437-453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Sinclair SJ, Zamin T, Gibson-Roy P, Dorrough J, Wong N, Craigie V et al. A state-and-transition model to guide grassland management. Australian Journal of Botany. 2019 Jan 1;67(5):437-453. https://doi.org/10.1071/BT18167