A significant inverse relationship between concentrations of plasma homocysteine and phospholipid docosahexaenoic acid in healthy male subjects

Duo Li, Neil J. Mann, Andrew J. Sinclair

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The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of a relationship between plasma homocysteine (Hey) and phospholipid FA (PUFA) in healthy Australian males. One hundred thirty six healthy male subjects aged 20-55 yr were recruited from the Melbourne metropolitan area. Each volunteer completed a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire and gave a blood sample. Plasma Hey concentrations were determined by an established HPLC method; the plasma phospholipid FA were determined by standard methods. Plasma Hey concentration was significantly negatively correlated with plasma phospholipid concentration of the PUFA 20:5n-3 (r = -0.226, P = 0.009), 22:5n-3 (r = -0.182, P = 0.036), 22:6n-3 (r = -0.286, P = 0.001), total n-3 (r = -0.270, P = 0.002) and the ratio n-3/n-6 PUFA (r = -0.265, P = 0.002), and significantly positively correlated with 20:4n-6 (r = 0.180, P = 0.037). In the partial correlation analysis, after controlling for serum vitamin B12 and folate concentration, plasma Hey was significantly negatively correlated with the plasma phospholipid concentration of 22:6n-3 (r = -0.205, P = 0.019), total n-3 (r = -0.182, P = 0.038) and the ratio n-3/n-6 PUFA (r = -0.174, P = 0.048). Evidence indicates that an increased concentration of n-3 PUFA in tissues has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health. Our findings provide further evidence that increased consumption of dietary n-3 PUFA increases the concentration of n-3 PUFA in plasma phospholipid, which is associated with a protective effect on cardiovascular diseases and lower plasma Hey levels. The mechanism that might explain the association between plasma 22:6n-3 and Hey levels is not clear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-89
Number of pages5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

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