A score for the prediction of cardiovascular events in the hypertensive aged

Mark Nelson, Emmae Ramsay, Philip Ryan, Kristyn Willson, Andrew Maxwell Tonkin, Lindon M H Wing, Leon Simons, Christopher Michael Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background With few exceptions, tools used to estimate cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in those without prior events are based mainly on data from middle-aged subjects. Given the ever increasing number of older people, many with hypertension, a risk score relevant to this group is warranted. Our aim was to develop a cardiovascular risk equation suitable for risk prediction in elderly, hypertensive populations. Methods We utilized cardiovascular end point data from 4.1 years median follow-up in 5,426 hypertensive subjects without previous CVD from the Second Australian National Blood Pressure Study (ANBP2). Our risk model, based on Cox regression, was developed using 75 of subjects without evident CVD (n = 4,072), randomly selected and stratified by age and gender, and internally validated using the remaining 25 . The model was also externally validated against the Dubbo Study dataset. Results The final model included sex, age, physical activity in the 2 weeks prior to entry into study, family history, use of anticoagulants, centrally acting antihypertensive agents or diabetes medication, and an interaction term for sex and diabetes medication. The C-statistic was 0.65 (0.62-0.67) for our predictive model on the model development dataset and 0.62 (0.57-0.67) on the internal validation dataset. The Dubbo Data C-statistic for CVD was 0.68 (95 CI 0.65-0.71). Conclusions All models performed similarly. Because of greater ease of implementation, we recommend that existing algorithms be extended into older age groups.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190 - 194
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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