A safe Li-Se battery in an ionic liquid-based electrolyte operating at 25-70 °C by using a N,S,O tri-doped mesoporous carbon host material

Tiago C. Mendes, Cuong Nguyen, Anders J. Barlow, Pavel V. Cherepanov, Maria Forsyth, Patrick C. Howlett, Douglas R. MacFarlane

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The selenium cathode for lithium-selenium batteries (Li-Se) has recently been recognized as an appealing high-energy alternative to sulfur due to its superior conductivity and chemical stability. These features open new possibilities such as alternative electrolytes that are known to be incompatible with a sulfur environment. In this work, we introduce a Li-Se battery comprising the non-flammable ionic liquid electrolyte (N-propyl-N-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonylimide)) which allows the battery to operate stably from room temperature to up 70 °C. A N,S,O tri-doped mesoporous carbon is employed as a porous conductive network to host the selenium. At room temperature, the Li-Se battery shows capacity retention of 91% at 1C-rate after 100 cycles and can deliver a capacity up to 560 mA h g-1at 0.2C. Due to the tailored electrolyte, the battery operates well at 70 °C, where capacity of 670 mA h g-1is obtained at 0.25C and 94% capacity retention after 100 cycles at 0.5C-rate. Thus we demonstrate for the first time the compatibility of the ionic liquid electrolyte against selenium in a Li-Se battery for large scale energy storage applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2322-2332
Number of pages11
JournalSustainable Energy & Fuels
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

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