A rewritable data embedding in JPEG-XR compressed image with file size preservation

Kazuki Minemura, Kok Sheik Wong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review


In this paper, we propose a rewritable data embedding method in the JPEG-XR compressed domain. Our proposed method is based on modifying the sign of the selected FCT (Forward Core Transform) coef- ficients. Specifically, the last coefficient, with respect to the conventional zigzag scanning order, in a 4 x 4 HP block is selected to embed data. Af- ter extracting the embedded data, the proposed method can restore the image quality by using the proposed simple majority vote method. Al- though the restoration does not perfectly regenerate the original image, the proposed data embedding method is rewritable. To evaluate the pro- posed method, four criteria including quality of the output image (i.e., embedded with data), file size of the output image, available payload and reconstructed image quality, are considered. Experiments are carried out to verify the basic performance of the proposed method. In the best case scenario, the proposed method can embed up to 15954 bits into an 8-bit grayscale image of dimension 512x 512 pixels with a reconstructed image of SSIM = 0.9919.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Visual Informatics - Third International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2013, Proceedings
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Visual Informatics Conference 2013 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Nov 201315 Nov 2013
Conference number: 3rd
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-02958-0 (Proceedings)

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume8237 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceInternational Visual Informatics Conference 2013
Abbreviated titleIVIC 2013
Internet address


  • Data embedding
  • FCT (Forward core transform)
  • Rewritability
  • Sign modulation

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