A review of the role of female gender in autism spectrum disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper reviews the literature exploring gender differences associated with the clinical presentation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The potentially mediating effect of comorbid psychopathology, biological and neurodevelopmental implications on these gender differences is also discussed. A vastly heterogeneous condition, while females on the lower-functioning end of the spectrum appear to be more severely affected, an altered clinical manifestation of the disorder among high-functioning females may consequently result in many being un or misdiagnosed. To date, there is strong bias in the literature towards the clinical presentation of ASD in males. It is imperative that future research explores gender differences across the autism spectrum, in order to improve researchers , clinicians and the publics understanding of this debilitating disorder. ? 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2584 - 2603
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume43
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this

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title = "A review of the role of female gender in autism spectrum disorders",
abstract = "This paper reviews the literature exploring gender differences associated with the clinical presentation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The potentially mediating effect of comorbid psychopathology, biological and neurodevelopmental implications on these gender differences is also discussed. A vastly heterogeneous condition, while females on the lower-functioning end of the spectrum appear to be more severely affected, an altered clinical manifestation of the disorder among high-functioning females may consequently result in many being un or misdiagnosed. To date, there is strong bias in the literature towards the clinical presentation of ASD in males. It is imperative that future research explores gender differences across the autism spectrum, in order to improve researchers , clinicians and the publics understanding of this debilitating disorder. ? 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.",
author = "Melissa Kirkovski and Enticott, {Peter Gregory} and Fitzgerald, {Paul Bernard}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1007/s10803-013-1811-1",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "2584 -- 2603",
journal = "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders",
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A review of the role of female gender in autism spectrum disorders. / Kirkovski, Melissa; Enticott, Peter Gregory; Fitzgerald, Paul Bernard.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 43, No. 11, 2013, p. 2584 - 2603.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Fitzgerald, Paul Bernard

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AB - This paper reviews the literature exploring gender differences associated with the clinical presentation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The potentially mediating effect of comorbid psychopathology, biological and neurodevelopmental implications on these gender differences is also discussed. A vastly heterogeneous condition, while females on the lower-functioning end of the spectrum appear to be more severely affected, an altered clinical manifestation of the disorder among high-functioning females may consequently result in many being un or misdiagnosed. To date, there is strong bias in the literature towards the clinical presentation of ASD in males. It is imperative that future research explores gender differences across the autism spectrum, in order to improve researchers , clinicians and the publics understanding of this debilitating disorder. ? 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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