A randomized controlled phase IIb trial of Beta 1-receptor blockade for chronic degenerative mitral regurgitation

Mustafa I Ahmed, Inmaculada Aban, Steven G. Lloyd, Himanshu Gupta, George Howard, Seidu Inusah, Kalyani Peri, Jessica Robinson, Patty Smith, David C. McGiffin, Chun G. Schiros, Thomas S. Denney, Louis J. Dell'Italia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of long-term β 1-aderergic receptor (AR) blockade on left ventricular (LV) remodeling and function in patients with chronic, isolated, degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). Isolated MR currently has no proven therapy that attenuates LV remodeling or preserves systolic function. Thirty-eight asymptomatic subjects with moderate to severe, isolated MR were randomized either to placebo or β 1-AR blockade (Toprol-XL, AstraZeneca, London, United Kingdom) for 2 years. Magnetic resonance imaging with tissue tagging and 3-dimensional analysis was performed at baseline and at 6-month intervals for 2 years. Rate of progression analysis was performed for endpoint variables for primary outcomes: LV end-diastolic volume/body surface area, LV ejection fraction, LV end-diastolic (ED) mass/ED volume ratio, LV ED 3-dimensional radius/wall thickness; LV end-systolic volume/body surface area, LV longitudinal strain rate, and LV early diastolic filling rate. Baseline LV magnetic resonance imaging or demographic variables did not differ between the 2 groups. Significant treatment effects were found on LV ejection fraction (p = 0.006) and LV early diastolic filling rate (p = 0.001), which decreased over time in untreated patients on an intention-to-treat analysis and remained significant after sensitivity analysis. There were no significant treatment effects found on LV ED or LV end-systolic volumes, LV ED mass/LV ED volume or LV ED 3-dimensional radius/wall thickness, or LV longitudinal strain rate. Over 2 years, 6 patients treated in the placebo group and 2 patients in the β 1-AR blockade group required mitral valve surgery (p = 0.23). β 1-AR blockade improves LV function over a 2-year follow-up in isolated MR and provides the impetus for a large-scale clinical trial with clinical outcomes. (Molecular Mechanisms of Volume Overload-Aim 1 [SCCOR in Cardiac Dysfunction and Disease]; NCT01052428)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-838
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • beta blockade
  • medical therapy
  • mitral regurgitation
  • mitral valve disease

Cite this