A randomised trial comparing digital video disc with written delivery of falls prevention education for older patients in hospital

Ann-Marie Hill, Steve McPhail, Tammy Hoffmann, Keith Hill, David Oliver, Christopher Beer, Sandra Brauer, Terrence Peter Haines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: to compare the effectiveness of a digital video disc (DVD) with that of a written workbook delivering falls prevention education to older hospital patients on self-perceived risk of falls, perception of falls epidemiology, knowledge of prevention strategies, and motivation and confidence to engage in self-protective strategies. To compare the effect of receiving either education approach versus no education on patients perception of falls epidemiology. DESIGN: Randomized trial (DVD vs workbook) with additional quasi-experimental control group. SETTINGS: Geriatric, medical, and orthopedic wards in Perth and Brisbane, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred (n = 51 DVD, n = 49 workbook) hospital inpatients aged 60 and older receiving an intervention (mean age 75.3) and 122 in the control group (mean age 79.3). INTERVENTION: Participants randomly assigned to receive identical educational material on falls prevention delivered on a DVD or in a workbook. Control group received usual care. MEASUREMENTS: Custom-designed survey addressing elements of the Health Belief Model of health behaviour change. RESULTS: Participants randomised to DVD delivery had a higher self-perceived risk of falling (P = .04) and higher levels of confidence (P = .03) and motivation (P = .04) to engage in self-protective strategies than participants who received the workbook. A higher proportion of participants who received either form of the education provided desired responses than of control group participants across all knowledge items (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1458 - 1463
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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