A quantitative comparison of handwriting in children with high-functioning autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Beth Patricia Johnson, Nicole Papadopoulos, Joanne Fielding, Bruce John Tonge, James Gavin Phillips, Nicole Joan Rinehart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Children with high-functioning autism (HFA) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience significant handwriting difficulties, which can hamper their academic progress and ability to express themselves through symbols and words. Handwriting of children with HFA was compared to those with ADHD based on performance on the speed subtest of the Handwriting Performance Test. Differences in handwriting speed, size and alignment of words, and proportion of handwriting errors, such as corrections and substitutions, were assessed between groups. Results indicated distinct profiles of handwriting problems in HFA and ADHD: children with HFA demonstrated poorer spatial arrangement of words and reduced handwriting speed, and those with ADHD made more handwriting errors, such as corrections and transpositions. These findings have important implications in understanding the similarities and differences for children with HFA and ADHD and lay the groundwork for effective intervention strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1638 - 1646
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this

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title = "A quantitative comparison of handwriting in children with high-functioning autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder",
abstract = "Children with high-functioning autism (HFA) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience significant handwriting difficulties, which can hamper their academic progress and ability to express themselves through symbols and words. Handwriting of children with HFA was compared to those with ADHD based on performance on the speed subtest of the Handwriting Performance Test. Differences in handwriting speed, size and alignment of words, and proportion of handwriting errors, such as corrections and substitutions, were assessed between groups. Results indicated distinct profiles of handwriting problems in HFA and ADHD: children with HFA demonstrated poorer spatial arrangement of words and reduced handwriting speed, and those with ADHD made more handwriting errors, such as corrections and transpositions. These findings have important implications in understanding the similarities and differences for children with HFA and ADHD and lay the groundwork for effective intervention strategies.",
author = "Johnson, {Beth Patricia} and Nicole Papadopoulos and Joanne Fielding and Tonge, {Bruce John} and Phillips, {James Gavin} and Rinehart, {Nicole Joan}",
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A quantitative comparison of handwriting in children with high-functioning autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. / Johnson, Beth Patricia; Papadopoulos, Nicole; Fielding, Joanne; Tonge, Bruce John; Phillips, James Gavin; Rinehart, Nicole Joan.

In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Vol. 7, No. 12, 2013, p. 1638 - 1646.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - A quantitative comparison of handwriting in children with high-functioning autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

AU - Johnson, Beth Patricia

AU - Papadopoulos, Nicole

AU - Fielding, Joanne

AU - Tonge, Bruce John

AU - Phillips, James Gavin

AU - Rinehart, Nicole Joan

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AB - Children with high-functioning autism (HFA) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience significant handwriting difficulties, which can hamper their academic progress and ability to express themselves through symbols and words. Handwriting of children with HFA was compared to those with ADHD based on performance on the speed subtest of the Handwriting Performance Test. Differences in handwriting speed, size and alignment of words, and proportion of handwriting errors, such as corrections and substitutions, were assessed between groups. Results indicated distinct profiles of handwriting problems in HFA and ADHD: children with HFA demonstrated poorer spatial arrangement of words and reduced handwriting speed, and those with ADHD made more handwriting errors, such as corrections and transpositions. These findings have important implications in understanding the similarities and differences for children with HFA and ADHD and lay the groundwork for effective intervention strategies.

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