A qualitative exploration of nurse's perception of Critical Outreach Service: A before and after study

Mariyam Athifa, Judith Finn, Linda Brearley, Teresa A. Williams, Ben Hay, Karen Laurie, Tim Leen, Keith O'Brien, Michael Stuart, Michelle Watt, Gavin D. Leslie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Critical Care Outreach Services (CCOS) have been reported to streamline the transfer of patients from the intensive care unit (ICU) to the wards and provide a follow-up service supporting ward staff to provide optimum care for patients discharged from ICU. Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of nursing staff before and after the introduction of a CCOS at three adult teaching hospitals in Perth, Western Australia. Methods: Exploratory focus groups were conducted with registered nurses (RNs) at each of the participating hospitals prior to and 6 months after the introduction of a CCOS. Framework analysis was used to analyse the transcribed data using a thematic approach with themes developed from the narratives of the participants. Results: Inexperienced RNs in particular voiced positive comments about the CCOS. The role was seen as a senior nurse who was an additional resource for less experienced staff as they educated them on complex procedures that were not common on the general wards. The RNs reported that apprehensions about the role that they had pre-implementation were not borne out in practice and that they believed that the CCOS had positive effects on patient outcomes. Conclusion: The CCOS improved communication processes between members of the multidisciplinary team and units within the hospital, which subsequently enhanced the ward transition process for critically ill patients and ward nursing staff.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalAustralian Critical Care
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Intensive care
  • Outreach
  • Qualitative evaluation

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