A pulse distortion approach for decoding frequency coded tags in multicarrier chipless RFID systems

Javad Aliasgari, Nemai Chandra Karmakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a new approach based on the multicarrier system, in which multiple narrowband pulses emit toward a chipless RFID tag in the UWB, to decode the tag in the time domain. The multicarrier system is known to be able to reduce complexity and interference, and also increase spectrum efficiency and flexibility. In this study, we not only experimentally investigate the backscattered signal of a frequency-coded chipless RFID tag interrogated by narrowband pulses, but we have also derived mathematical equations to describe the tag responses. We have found that the shape of the reflected response from the tag is determined by the emitted signal multiplied by a distortion factor. The distortion amount depends on transmitted signal bandwidth, tag quality factor, and resonance frequency. We further use the distorted tag response as a tag signature in the time domain for decoding purposes, eliminating the signal transformation to the frequency spectrum, which is one of the most time-consuming post-processing algorithms. To further demonstrate the performance of the proposed approach in a more realistic scenario, we have developed a customized multicarrier transceiver to decode a four-bit cross-polarized tag in the time domain. We have demonstrated that the proposed analytical approach can also enhance tag detection in a realistic environment with multiple parasitic reflections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1856-1870
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Distortion
  • Multiband carrier system
  • Narrowband
  • radio frequency identification (RFID)
  • Receivers
  • Resonant frequency
  • time domain
  • Time-domain analysis
  • Time-frequency analysis
  • Transceivers
  • ultrawideband (UWB) chipless tag.

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