A prospective investigation of factors associated with depressive symptoms in older adults' post-hospitalisation

Aimee Brown, Lisa Peres, Ted Brown, Terence Haines, Rene Stolwyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The transition from hospital to home is a period where older adults are at risk of experiencing depressive symptoms. The present study applied the Social Antecedent Model of Psychopathology (SAMP) to identify factors present at hospital discharge associated with depressive symptoms at discharge and future symptoms at 3- and 6-month post-discharge home. Method: 286 older adults aged over 65 (M = 78.38, SD = 7.68, 57% female) reported on a range of variables that were mapped to the SAMP at hospital discharge, 3- and 6-month post-discharge. Results: At baseline assessment, male gender, increased anxiety symptoms, low social support and low perceived coping ability were associated with concurrent baseline depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms at baseline were strongly associated with future depressive symptoms at 3- and 6-month post-discharge. Low household physical activity was also associated with depressive symptoms at 3 months and elevated baseline anxiety symptoms and low social support were associated with depressive symptoms at 6-month post-discharge. Conclusion: Pre-discharge screening of depressive and anxiety symptoms, social support, household physical activity and coping ability may assist in identifying elderly patients at risk of developing depressive symptoms during the hospital-to-home transition. These factors may also serve as potential targets for preventative interventions post-discharge for older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-682
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • depression
  • depressive symptoms
  • hospital discharge
  • older adults

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